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GAILLE Marie










Current position

  • Senior Researcher in philosophy
  • Adjunct Scientific Director at the Institute for Social sciences and Humanities of the CNRS


Degrees obtained

  • Habilitation à diriger des recherches (2011)
  • Ph. D. in Philosophy (2001)
  • Master of arts in Political sciences (Central European University, Budapest ; Université d’Etat de New-York, USA) (1996)
  • Agrégation in philosophy (1995)
  • Former student of the Ecole normale supérieure (1992)


Contact : marie.gaille@univ-paris-diderot.fr and marie.gaille@cnrs-dir.fr


Marie Gaille’s research focuses on the history and the meanings of the relationship between medicine, anthropology, and philosophy. It intends to highlight the implications of illness’ experience, the embodied dimension of humain life and its relatedness to its environment. Her work also deals with medical decision at the patient’s bedside as a crossroads between ethical and legal issues, a state of medical knowledge and cure and care practices. Her conceptual approach is anchored in the history of medicine and grounded on a contexual methodology that includes fieldworks in medical settings (hospitals). As a result, it is also interested in transnational comparisons et methodological issues of interdisciplinarity.

• Philosophy and history of medicine

• Medical ethics, especially for the following issues :

The concept of “value of life”

Reproductive choice and decision-making

Prenatal diagnosis and Pregnancy termination

Solidarity and Support as values in health care

• Health, disease, and Environment

Finally, since her Ph. D on the medical references that ground Machiavelli’s thought on civil conflict, she dedicates a part of her research to citizenship, civil conflict and democratic change.

Networks : I am member of the European Society for Philosophy of Medicine and Health Care, of the Société Française Santé Environnement, of the European Association of Centers of Medical Ethics, and of two networks - the Association for Medical Humanities and the International Health Humanities Network. Since 2005, I created (with Claire Crignon) and am responsible for a scientific information network SHS-Médecine-Santé-Maladie : http://www.scoop.it/t/shs-medecine-....

Review and Book series : I was member of the editorial committee of Laboratoire italien(2001-2007) and presently I am member of the editorial committe of Asterion, de Raison publique, de Médecines/Sciences. I am also member of the editorail committee of the book series Thinking in extrêmes : Machiavellian series aux éditions Brill (http://www.brill.com/products/serie...).



Visiting Scholar au History and Philosophy Department, Cambridge University, 2016
Caroline Miles Visiting Scholarship, ETHOX Center, Oxford University, 2012


For a complete list of publications and participation/organization to scientific events, please report to the French version.