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Accueil du site > Axes de recherche > Recherches interdisciplinaires en histoire et philosophie des sciences et techniques > 2 Epistemological cultures, practices, work / 2012–2017

Axis Interdisciplinary Research in History and Philosophy of Science

2 Epistemological cultures, practices, work / 2012–2017

The information from 2018-2022 will replace those of 2012-2017 on this page.
2012-2017 information is now archived, which can be found under the heading
"Archives, Research Axes 2012-2017"



- Thematics
- Seminars
- Members

Thematics

This project aims to critically analyze the different concepts introduced into the history and philosophy of science in order to grasp the fact that scientific works are always carried out within specific "local cultures".

In this context, we have paid particular attention to the concept of "epistemological culture", which E. Fox Keller introduced in Making sense of life to account for the differences between distinct human collectives in the ways of The same subject - in his case, the biology of development. E. Fox Keller sought, in this way, to analyze certain difficulties in exchanging between themselves that groups of different scientists encounter, despite the fact that they share the same subject. It acknowledged that these collectives evolved in "different subcultures", in a sense of expression that was becoming classical : they were distinguished by the experimental systems developed, the instruments used, the Techniques used, in short, by their local practices. But E. Fox Keller insisted on a new point, for which she added the term "epistemological" to the term culture : at least as importantly, these collectives did not share the same "epistemic needs". And it invited historians and philosophers of science to examine the variations in the epistemological dimensions that characterize a given milieu and without which one can not account for the specificities in their way of doing science.

By carrying out collective research on the value of generality, it is precisely by the epistemological aspects that we have chosen to enter into the description of collective working cultures-a project to which we are working more widely. Once this operation has been completed, we extend this research by concentrating on abstraction, more specifically within the framework of mathematics, and, to a lesser extent, on simplicity.

We have also carried out a critical work on the concepts introduced in the history and philosophy of science over the past decades in order to grasp how human collectives carry out their scientific activities in a specific way (styles, styles of thought or reasoning, epistemic cultures, Epistemological cultures ...). In this vein, we also found it useful to launch a collective and critical discussion of how historians and philosophers of science understand the term "practical "when they say they want to give importance to the activity and not just to the results of the science practitioners. These reflections are developed in the context of the ERC project "which must be based on the ERC project" Mathematical sciences in the ancient world All these theoretical works on scientific practices and cultures in order to achieve its primary objective : the identification of distinct scholarly practices and cultures within what historiography has given as homogeneous omnipotences, namely : Chinese mathematics "," Indian mathematics "and Mesopotamian mathematics". If this is indeed the final objective of the program, we are convinced of the need, in order to realize it, to conduct a theoretical work on the whole of the field of history and the philosophy of science. These concepts essential for our company.



Seminars
Historical epistemology
Seminar.
Reading Group.
Seminar of the laboratory.

Scientific practices
Seminar and reading group.

Abstraction 2008-2009
Seminar

Simplicity
Workshop 2010



Members

Organisers
CHEMLA Karine
VERMEIR Koen
Researchers – Phds students – Post-Docs
BARBARA Jean-Gaël
BARBIN Evelyne
BESNIER Bernard
BUSTAMANTE Martha-Cecilia
CABANACQ Sylvain
CASSOU-NOGUES Pierre
CERAMI Cristina
CHORLAY Renaud
CONFALONIERI Sara
CRIPPA Davide
CROZET Pascal
DARRIGOL Olivier
DE COURTENAY Nadine
DORON Claude-Olivier
GANDON Sébastien
GROSHOLZ Emily
HAFFNER Emmylou
D’HOMBRES Emmanuel
HUSSON Matthieu
JAECK Frédéric
KEBAILI Ramzi
LACHENAL Guillaume
MALET Toni
MAYRARGUE Arnaud
MOSCA Antonio
PETROLO Mattia
POLLET Charlotte
RABOUIN David
REGIER Jonathan
STAMENKOVIC Philippe
SZCZECINIARZ Jean-Jacques
TIMMERMANS Benoit
ZERNER Martin