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Home > Archives > Previous years: Seminars > Seminars 2016-2017: archives > Science and Philosophy from Ancient to Modern Age 2016–2017

Science and Philosophy from Ancient to Modern Age 2016–2017

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PROGRAM 2016-2017

Usual schedules are 10:00 – 18:00. Rooms: tba, Building Condorcet, University Paris Diderot, 10 rue Alice Domon et Léonie Duquet, 75013 - Paris*.Map.
Date Thema Organisation
10/20 The status of the strange, the inexplicable, the surprising phenomena in the medieval texts in Arabic, Persian and Latin (1) M. Katouzian-Safadi
11/10 Authorship attribution of anonymous medieval texts: methods, challenges and results (2) S. Di Donato
12/15 The overlapping points of view in physics and mathematics in Arabic texts of theoretical astronomy G. Loizelet
02/2 The Liber de bona fortuna in the Latin text culture (13th-17th centuries) V. Cordonier
03/9 Astrology & aristotelician philosophy G. Freudenthal
04/27 The relations between Phys. VII and Phys. VIII in the Greek, Arab and Latin traditions C. Cerami
06/8 Second Analytics !! postponed to 2017-18 !! P. Pellegrin

October 20, 9:00 – 18:00
The status of the strange, the inexplicable, the surprising phenomena
in the medieval texts
in Arabic, Persian and Latin
(1) :

The examination of the attitude of the scholars

Organisation: M. Katouzian-Safadi (CNRS, SPHERE – CHSPAM)

The corpus of medieval texts concerning Physics and/or Life sciences describes numerous surprising phenomena, which cannot be explained by the common concepts of the time. A number of examples can be mentioned here:
– Various cures with or without medicines.
– Animal behavior: animal reproduction, molting, (or sloughing, shedding, ecdysis), metamorphosis, adaptation.
– Strange phenomena, or strange beings (aliens) described by travelers, or people one can trust.
– The attraction of body to another body, repulsion of body, the weights and the measures.

During each presentation, we wish first to describe the phenomena (animal behavior, strange observation, quality of plant …) and underline the particularity of observed phenomena in comparison with knowledge or habits. Secondly, we would like to consider the attitude of the scholar with this phenomenon: How does he describe it? His position on an eventual causality? How the scholar does relate it? He can accept or refuse it. In this Workshop, we focus on various reactions of scholars by avoiding category of thought for his attitude.

  • Ahmed Aarab (Pr, Faculté des Sciences et des Techniques, Tanger)
    The attitude of Ğāḥiẓ (d. 868) towards certain zoological phenomena.
  • Meyssa Bensaad (Chercheur associé, CNRS, SPHERE–CHSPAM)
    The ability of al- Ğāhiẓ (776-868) to treat the extraordinary phenomena: the concept of ʽağīb according to al- Ğāhiẓ.
  • Younes Karamati (Department of History of Science, Tehran University)
    The oldest texts of abdāl or substitute drugs and des equivalences between remedies.
  • Mehrnaz Katouzian-Safadi (CNRS, SPHERE – CHSPAM)
    The physician’s choice between body requirements and medication: some suggestions of Razes (d. 925) about the properties and virtues of remedies.
  • Kaouthar Lamouchi-Chebbi (Doctorante, Univ. Paris Diderot, & enseignante, Univ. de la Manouba, Tunis)
    Discussions about spontaneous generation in Kitāb-al-Ḥayawān of Ğāḥiẓ.
  • Philippe Lherminier (Pr et secrétaire de la Société zoologique de France, vice-président de la Société de Mythologie Française)
    The book of animals by Isidore of Seville (d. 636), is it the defeat of science or another way of thinking?
  • Fatemeh Mehri (Academy of Persian Language and Literature, Tehran)
    The Prefaces of ‘Ağāib-nāmeh’, (writings on the surprising things): Texts and the subject of Property.
  • Philippe Provençal (Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle du Danemark)
    The accurate observations of ’Abd al-Latīf al-Bagdādī and the paradigm of the Classical Period.
  • Sabine Rommevaux-Tani (CNRS, SPHERE)
    Thought experiments and use of "experimenta" in an anonymous text of natural philosophy: the De sex inconvenientibus (14th century)

November 10

Authorship attribution of anonymous medieval texts: methods, challenges and results (2)

Organisation: Silvia Di Donato

The second session of the study day devoted to the identification of authors of anonymous medieval texts: methods, challenges and results of the attribution of the critique will take place around the conference Professor Shlomo Sela (Bar Ilan University).
The morning is the discussion around the tools of research, different methodological approaches and specific features of various literary and textual genres.

  • 10:00 Shlomo Sela (University Bar Ilan, Tel Aviv)
    Who wrote Seder Tiqun Tequfot and Liber de Nativitatibus, two mysterious astrological treatises?
  • 11:15 Silvia Di Donato (CNRS, SPHERE)
    L’identification des traducteurs renaissants de l’œuvre d’Averroès : le cas du Grand commentaire sur les Seconds analytiques.

December 15, 9:00 – 17:30

The overlapping points of view in physics and mathematics in Arabic texts of theoretical astronomy

Organisation: Guillaume Loizelet

  • 9:30 Guillaume Loizelet (Université Paris Diderot, SPHERE)
    Astronomie physique et astronomie mathématique, exemples tirés du Qānūn al-Masʿūdi d’Al-Bīrūnī.
  • 10:45 – 12:00 María-José Parra-Pérez (Bayerische Akademie des Wissenschaften in Munich)
    The cosmological outlines in the Almagest as a topic among late Persian commentators - Observations from backstage of making a "Catalogue of Arabic Ptolemaic Manuscripts"
  • 14:00 Amir Mohammad Gamini (Institute for the History of Science, University of Teheran)
    Natural philosophy and planetary models: Ibn Rushd, Ibn al-Haytham and their followers.
  • 15:15 Erwan Penchèvre (SPHERE)
    La Lune chez Ptolémée, à Maragha, et chez Ibn al-Shatir.
  • 16:30 General discussion

February 2, 9:30 – 16:00

Le Liber de bona fortuna dans la culture textuelle latine (13th – 18th centuries)

Organisation : Valérie Cordonier

The Middle Ages and the Classical Age are crossed by the concept of fortuna. In this story, it appears that an important role was played by the Liber de bona fortuna (combining two chapters of the Magna moralia and the Ethique to Eudem. This treaty, elaborated in the early sixties of the thirteenth century, deviates from the existing traditions of the Latin world by defining good fortune as an impetus resulting from an irrational nature or a divine inspiration. Through its structure, it implements many questions of ethics, theology and natural philosophy. By bringing together specialists of authors in which traces of this work are to be found, it will be necessary to reconstruct the discussions conducted from or about him in various contexts and to highlight aspects of the textual culture of the 13th – 18th centuries.
  • 10:00 Alain Boureau (GAS, EHESS, Paris)
    Un coup de dés parfois abolit le hasard… Nicole Oresme et le rejet de la fortune.
  • 11:00 – 12:00 Matthias Roick (Univ. Göttingen & Volkswagen Stiftung)
    A l’aube de la Réforme : Konrad Wimpina et le Liber de bona fortuna.
  • 13:00 Hans-Joachim Dethlefs (Chuo University, Tokyo)
    Les caprices de la fortune, entre destin volage et humeur esthétique à l’époque de Vasari.
  • 14:00 Tommaso De Robertis (Univ. degli Studi di Parma)
    Bene fortunatus est sine racione habens impetum. Traces du Liber de bona fortuna dans la Florence de Machiavel.
  • 15:00 – 16:00 Frauke Kurbacher (Bergische Univ., Wuppertal / Freie Univ., Berlin)
    Le destin de la "fortune", ou "chance extraordinaire" — réflexions sur les conditions et les possibilités des représentations du bonheur au XVIIIe siècle.

With participation of Beatrice Delaurenti (GAS, EHESS, Paris)

March 9, 9:30 – 17:45

Astrology & aristotelician philosophy

Organisation : Gad Freudenthal

  • 9:30 Welcome & coffee

10:00 – 13:00 Chair, Jean-Marc Mandosio

  • Reimund Leicht (IIAS, Jerusalem)
    Al-Kind’s and Abu Ma’shar’s aristotelician defense of astrology and its influence in the later Middle Ages.
  • Y. Tzvi Langermann (Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan)
    Maimonides’s world history —reverberations with / of universal astrology?
  • David Lemler (Univ. de Strasbourg)
    Le rôle de l’astrologie dans l’exégèse de quelques disciples de Maïmonide.

I. 14:30 – 16:30 Chair, Resianne Fontaine

  • Nicolas Weill-Parot (SAPRAT, EPHE)
    Henri de Langenstein, la critique de l’astrologie et ses enjeux philosophiques.
  • Racheli Haliva (Maimonides Centre for Advanced Studies, Univ. de Hambourg)
    Reconstructing the astrologer’s arguments in the third treatise of Isaac Polqar’s Ezer ha-Dat (14th century).

II. 16:45 – 17:45 Chair, Barbara Obrist

  • Gad Freudenthal (CNRS, IEAS, Nantes, & SPHERE)
    Astrology as a Probabilistic Science: Gersonides (1288-1344).

April 27, 9:30 – 16:00

The relations between Phys. VII and Phys. VIII in the Greek, Arab and Latin traditions

Organisation: Cristina Cerami

  • 9:00 Welcome and presentation
  • 9:30 A. Falcon (Concordia Univ.)
    The reception of Physics VII in the Greek and Latin traditions: an overview.
  • 10:00 Mai-Lan Boureau (Université Paris-Sorbonne, Centre Léon Robin)
    Physique VII et la tradition textuelle grecque
  • 10:45 Tiziano Dorandi (CNRS, Centre Jean Pépin)
    Respundant to Mai-Lan Boureau.
  • 11:00 – 11:30 Discussion
  • 11:45 Ruediger Arnzen (Ruhr-Univ. Bochum)
    L’articulation des livres VII et VIII de la Physique selon Ibn Bāǧǧa.
  • 12:30 – 13:00 Discussion
  • 14:30 Farah Cherif Zahar (Centre Léon Robin)
    PhysiqueI et VIII chez Ibn Bajja
  • 15:15 David Wirmer (Köln Univ.)
    Respundant to Farah Cherif Zahar
  • 15:30 – 16:00 Discussion

* University Paris Diderot, Building Condorcet, 10 rue Alice Domon et Léonie Duquet, 75013 Paris

Plan your itinerary with the Parisian Public Transport
Metro : Line 14 and RER C, stop : Bibliothèque François Mitterrand or line 6, stop : Quai de la gare. Buses: 62 and 89 (stop: Bibliothèque rue Mann), 325 (stop: Watt), 64 (stop: Tolbiac-Bibliothèque François Mitterrand)