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Home > Axes of research > History and Philosophy of Medecine > 4 Chronic disease, neuroscience and disability

History and Philosophy of Medecine

4 Chronic disease, neuroscience and disability

Thematics of research / Members / 2018–2022

We propose here to deepen the history of medical thought, the relation of medicine to techniques, its epistemological models, their effects in terms of management, especially in the fields of chronic diseases, disability and neuroscience. These fields have multiple meeting points: on the side of pathology, they refer to diseases or deficiencies that we do not know how to cure, and with which we live in a sustainable way. The history of neuroscience itself gives a fundamental insight into the questioning of the management of neurodegenerative diseases. These meeting points were concretized notably in the ANR NormaStim project, straddling the balance sheet period and the prospective period of the Five-Year Report. This theme will also, in this epistemological perspective, focus on how experiential knowledge is formed vis-à-vis this scientific knowledge, while focusing on methodological aspects and research. Finally, it is notably from this theme that the links with the transversal theme "Cultural and interdisciplinary history of techniques" (new axis 5) can be developed, with the prospect of a colloquium jointly organized and uniting the angles of approaches of the two themes: "brain and techniques: historical and epistemological perspectives".

This theme brings together first and foremost a series of research on the history of knowledge on the brain and the status of the brain in human life, in connection with other works included in the Axis relating to life sciences. In the fields of therapeutics, history and the epistemology of the brain sciences, Jean-Claude Dupont will continue his research on the history of the drug, brain stimulation and neurosurgery to deepen the models of construction remedial theories from a technical and epistemological point of view. Then Céline Cherici, in preparation for an HDR, will continue her work on the history and the epistemology of the concept of electric brain from the 18th to the 20th century.

It also hosts a series of works on medical knowledge, its borders, its modes of patrimonization and its iconography. Céline Cherici will develop a work on the meaning and importance of body images throughout history and since the Renaissance, she will extend an epistemological movement initiated some time ago on the history of images of the body in general and the brain in particular. Marie Gaille will continue her research on medical knowledge in a contemporary and historical direction: on the one hand, in the extension of the ANR NormaStim project, on the emergence of an experiential knowledge of the chronic disease and its effects on medical practice; on the other hand, the pursuit of research on the medico-philosophical thought of Cabanis and the issue of the separation of philosophy and medicine. Gilles Barroux hires an HDR under the supervision of Marie Gaille who nurtures research on the history of medicine and the frontiers of medical thought, on the subject of eclecticism in medicine in the 18th century. Lucia Candelise will continue to work on spreading Chinese medical practices in Europe focusing on patients and broader civil society. She will also continue her work on the heritage of medical knowledge. During the year 2018 she wants to open a new worksite on interdisciplinary research, between social history, medical anthropology and film anthropology. Finally, Claude-Olivier Doron will be interested in the history of the concepts of "capacity" in psychiatry and especially in the history of psychiatric expertise in terms of civil capacity in the nineteenth - and therefore of the notion of "ability", which crosses that of the handicap.

This work makes the bridge with the third part of this theme, relating to disability situations and the management of chronic and neurodegenerative diseases. It will be, at the beginning of the next five-year period, nourished by the extensions of the ANR Normastim project on the management of Parkinson’s disease by deep brain stimulation. On this aspect of the report to the technique, it is also worth noting the participation of SPHERE in the GDR project "Repair the human" currently being evaluated by the CNRS. Philippe Bizouarn’s work on the anthropo-technical and ethical aspects of the artificial heart is part of this perspective. This component is also enriched by 3 doctoral works supervised by Marie Gaille: those of César Meuris, Agathe Camus and Mathilde Lancelot, one working on the construction of the capacity of autonomy in the context of the management of the disease Alzheimer’s, the other on the decision in medical space constraint and finally, the third on the epistemological and anthropological issues of the care by deep brain stimulation. Finally, the research of Alain Leplège fall within the framework of interdisciplinary (often international) collaborations around empirical projects. They focus on issues that lie at the interface of methodological reflection inherent in scientific research and conceptual clarification informed by History and Philosophy of Science. Emphasis is placed on the methodological and epistemological problems posed by the evaluation of complex health interventions and the establishment of health service research in conjunction with the work carried out within the framework of the team. Welcome 4360 APEMAC. He is also interested in the conceptual, methodological and ethical issues that arise in the field of disabilities in general, with a particular attention to the problems encountered in the field of mental health. It supports the development of interventional and participatory research in Ile-de-France region in association with 4 EPSM, 11 associations managing social, social, medical and social institutions as well as about twenty colleagues belonging to about fifteen "reception teams" or UMR.

Members / Thematics /

Researchers – Phds students – Post-Docs
CAMUS Agathe
DORON Claude-Olivier
DUPONT Jean-Claude

Linkss to other themes of this research axis: