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Accueil > Séminaires en cours > Science and Philosophy from Ancient to Modern Age

Seminar of the Centre CHSPAM

Science and Philosophy from Ancient to Modern Age

Centre Chspam
Archives : 1996-2008, 2008-2009, 2009-2010,
2010-2011, 2011-2012, 2012-2013,
2013-2014, 2014-2015, 2015-2016,
2016-2017, 2017-2018, 2018-2019.

PROGRAM 2019-2020

Monthly sessions, on Thursdays, 9:30 – 17:00 (previsional), Building Condorcet, University Paris Diderot*
Schedule will be confirmed on October and all details will be announced on this page. Language of sessions is French

PROGRAM 2018-2019

Date Thema Organiser
18/10 Aristotle’s Meteorology in Latin Scholasticism :
works and editions in progress (13th-14th centuries)
Valérie Cordonier & Sabine Rommevaux-Tani
23/11 Euclid : Greek, Arabic, Latin Pascal Crozet
session postponed later
Medieval philosophers face Revelation. Prophecy in Jewish and Arab writers Silvia Di Donato
17/01 Movements and eternity of the world in Arab and Latin philosophy Miriam Rogasch, Charles Ehret
21/02 Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī, mathematician and astronomer of the 13th century Eleonora Sammarchi & Zeinab Karimian
11/04 Study Day on Oresme Sabine Rommevaux-Tani Valérie Cordonier
09/05 Theories of Rays in Medieval Arabic Science and Philosophy and Their Reception in Latin Europe Gad Freudenthal
06/06 The time in Physics of the fourteenth century Daniel Di Liscia & Sabine Rommevaux-Tani
June  !! postponed in 2019-20 !! Place of the strange, the inexplicable, in the medieval scientific texts Mehrnaz Katouzian-Safadi

Thursday October 18, 2018, 9:30 am-5 pm, Room Klein, 371A

Aristotle’s Meteorology in Latin Scholasticism :
works and editions in progress (13th-14th centuries)

Session organised by Valérie Cordonier & Sabine Rommevaux-Tani

The Meteorological are among the Aristotelian works whose Latin reception is still poorly known, whereas this text played a major role in the constitution of the knowledge relating to the Earth and the Sky - which included, in addition to the cosmology and an explanation of the phenomena still thought today as "meteorological", questions of astronomy, geology and hydrology, mineralogy and elementary chemistry, as well as a theorization of the various ways in which the supra-lunar world, separated in principle from the sublunary world, acts on the latter. By bringing together specialists preparing critical editions of important documents for the reception of Aristotle’s Meteorological Latin and its corresponding part in Avicenna’s Shifa, it will be a question of concentrating on unknown aspects. or very recently discovered the history of this text and corresponding knowledge during the 13th and 14th centuries Latin.
  • Silvia Di Donato (CNRS, SPHERE) (projet en collaboration avec Jean-Marc Mandosio)
    La traduction latine de la physique du Shifā’ d’Avicenne : la Météorologie
  • Iacopo Costa (LEM, UMR8584)
    Les commentaires latins aux Météorologiques en contexte universitaire (13e siècle).
  • Sabine Rommevaux-Tani (CNRS, SPHERE)
    Les références aux Météorologiques dans le De sex inconvenientibus, à propos de la génération des qualités premières par les corps célestes au moyen de la lumière.
  • Aurora Panzica (UNIL)
    De l’air et du frottement dans la région céleste ? Quelques difficultés de la théorie aristotélicienne de la production de la chaleur céleste et leur solution dans les commentaires médiévaux sur les Météorologiques (XIIIe et XVe siècles).

 !! exceptionnally on Friday !! November 23, 2018, 9:30 am-5 pm, Room Klein, 371A

Euclide : Greek, Arabic, Latin

Session organised by Pascal Crozet (CNRS, SPHERE)

  • David Rabouin (CNRS, SPHERE)
    Le problème d’une théorie générale en mathématique : Aristote et Euclide.
  • Gregg De Young (The American University in Cairo)
    Reading Avicenna’s Euclidean Epitome as a historical document.
  • Ofer Elior (Université de Jérusalem)
    The Diagrams in Rabbi Jacob’s Arabic-Hebrew Translation of Euclid’s Elements, Books I-II.
  • Vincenzo de Risi (CNRS, SPHERE)
    ÉlémentsI,1, de l’Antiquité à l’Âge classique : possibilités, axiomes, intersections et syllogismes.

 !! session postponed later !!
Medieval philosophers face Revelation.
Prophecy in Jewish and Arab writers.

Thursday December 13, 2018
 !! session postponed later !!

Organisation : Silvia Di Donato

  • Meryem Sebti (CNRS, UMR 8230)
  • Olga Lizzini (Université d’Amsterdam, Université de Genève)
  • David Lemler (Université de Strasbourg)

January 17, 2019, Room Mondrian, 646A
Movements and eternity of the world in Arab and Latin philosophy

Session organized by Charles Ehret & Miriam Rogasch

The eternity of the world, before being a theological question, is a physical question, anchored in a conception of the movement where each change presupposes, upstream, a prerequisite and extends, downstream, towards a subsequent movement. The central link in this sequence is generation, the advent of a substantial form in which everything ends and where everything begins again. It is thus a question of questioning, from the perspective of a world whose eternity is questioned, the relation between, on the one hand, all the movements that make up the generation and, on the other hand, the set of natural movements that derive from the substantial form (elementary movements, vital operations, intellective processes). Can we speak in both cases of "movement" in an unambiguous sense ? Are the movements that flow from the form oriented towards a later form that would call into question the substantiality of the first ? Do these movements lead to the understanding of the substantial form as a principle of movement, that is, a power ? Lastly, and above all, does the sequence of these movements make it possible to affirm or, on the contrary, to invalidate the eternity of the course of the world ?

  • Charles Ehret (Univ. Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, SPHERE)
    Infinite by Accident in Aquinas
  • David Wirmer (Universität zu Köln)
    Do elemental bodies have an internal principle of motion ? Two Arabic solutions to an Aristotelian Conundrum
  • Andreas Lammer (Universität Trier)
    Two versions of the classical kalâm argument for creation : from Abû-l-Huḏayl to al- ʿAllâma al-Ḥillî
  • Ann Giletti (University of Oxford)
    Eternal world, Aristotle, eternal creation and the Latin scholastic approach

Thursday February 21, 2019 , 9.30am–4.30pm, !! Room 240A !!
Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī, mathematician and astronomer of the 13th century

Session organized by Eleonora Sammarchi & Zeinab Karimian

  • 10:30 – 11:30
    Zeinab Karimian (Univ. Paris Diderot, SPHERE)
    Al-Ṭūsī and his recensions of mathematical textbooks
    A considerable amount of al-Ṭūsī’s mathematical works consists of his recensions on the mathematical treatises which were circulated among the scholars of his time and before. These mathematical textbooks included of Arabic translations of several Greek texts – known as Intermediate or Middle Books (Kutub al-Mutawassiṭāt) – as well as some of the mathematical works of medieval Islam. Several copies of al-Mutawassiṭāt, until 19th century, indicate the popularity and significance of these recensions. In this paper, I will discuss the importance of al-Ṭūsī’s project, his aims, the complexity of the issues he dealt with, etc. I will also try to examine to what extent these recensions were close to the original texts and to explain the general aspects of these recensions.
  • 11:30 – 12:00 Break
  • 12:00 – 13:00
    Hossein Masoumi Hamedani (University of Teheran)
    Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī and the history of spherical trigonometry
    The development of spherical trigonometry, as an independent discipline, is generally considered as one of the main mathematical achievements of classical Islam. This development began by the simultaneous discovery of the sine law by several mathematicians in the tenth century, and the priority debate which arouse in this regard bears witness to the importance mathematicians attributed to this discovery. Al-Ṭūsī’s redaction of Unveiling the Secrets of the Setor Theorem, both in Arabic and Persian, can be seen as a decisive stage in this development. In this article the main characteristics of this work, its structure and content, and the relations between its Arabic and Persian versions are discussed and its role in the coming of age of spherical trigonometry is explained.
  • 14:00 – 15:00
    Erwan Penchevre (SPHERE)
    Planetary models in the astronomy of Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī

April 11, 2019, 9.30 am-5 pm, Room Klimt, 366A

Study Day on Oresme

Session organised by Sabine Rommevaux-Tani & Valérie Cordonier

  • 9:30–11:00 Philippe Debroise (SPHERE)
    Science et harmonie : la musique du monde dans le Traité des configurations de Nicole Oresme
  • 11:15–12:45 Daniel Di Liscia (MCMP, LMU Munich)
    Nicole Oresme and the astrology : a hitherto unknown text
  • 14:15–15:45 Aurora Panzica (University of Fribourg)
    Nicole Oresme et l’influence astrale : une image nouvelle à partir des textes inédits

Theories of rays in Medieval Arabic science and philosophy and their reception in Latin Europe

May 9, 2019, 9:30 am– 5 pm

Session organized by Reimund Leicht et Gad Freudenthal

Speakers :

  • Charles Burnett (The Warburg Institute, University of London)
    The Projection of rays (ilqā’ ash-shuʿāʿāt ; proiectio radiorum) in Arabic astrology
  • Cristina Cerami (CNRS, SPHERE)
    Light and heat as Instruments in Averroes’s Theory of generation
  • Jeremiah Hacket (University of South Carolina)
    Lines of Light or Sight : Objective or Subjective ? Roger Bacon’ s Peculiar synthesis of Arabic, Greek, and Latin sources
  • Charles Ehret (Univ. Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)
    Light rays and the being of light in Aquinas
  • Katherine Tachau (University of Wisconsin-Madison)
    Visible and invisible, species et virtues : The nature of radiating light among thirteenth-century parisian theologians
  • Jean-Marc Mandosio (EPHE)
    How the Heavens’ force moves sublunar substances : Jacques Lefèvre d’Etaples’ Astral Magic (end of 15th c.)
  • Reimund Leicht (Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
    Words, terms, concepts, problems and theories : Toward a synthetic historical account of Medieval views of “rays”
  • Jean-Patrice Boudet (University of Orléans)

The time in physics of the fourteenth century

June 6, 2019, 9.30 am-5 pm, Room Mondrian, 646A

Session organised by Daniel Di Liscia and Sabine Rommevaux-Tani

  • Elzbieta Jung (Université de Lodz, Pologne)
    Time as continuous and discret quantity in Richard Kilvington
  • Robert Podkoński (Université de Lodz, Pologne)
    Continuous time and instantaneous speed in William Heytesbury and Richard Swineshead
  • Sabine Rommevaux-Tani
    Velocity without time, motion without resistance in Questions on the Physics of Blasius of Parma

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* University Paris Diderot, Building Condorcet, 10 rue Alice Domon et Léonie Duquet, 75013 Paris. Campus Map.
Plan your itinerary with the Parisian Public Transport
Metro : Line 14 and RER C, stop : Bibliothèque François Mitterrand or line 6, stop : Quai de la gare. Buses : 62 and 89 (stop : Bibliothèque rue Mann), 325 (stop : Watt), 64 (stop : Tolbiac-Bibliothèque François Mitterrand)